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Semi-metallic – primarily contain steel fiber and iron powder(>30%), abrasives and lubricants.

Low-metallic – contain some steel fiber and/or iron powder(<30%), various abrasives and lubricants, some non-ferrous metals. 

Non-asbestos organics (NAO) – contain nonferrous metals, various abrasives and lubricants, mineral fibers and other reinforcements.

Formulation history and trend

Formulation characteristics

How LPB design and produce the brake pads - View this video:


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